Climate of Turkey
Turkey’s unique geographic location has assumed the role of bridge between Asia and Europe. This gives the opportunity to experience 4 seasons at the same time in the country. When we look at the climate types seen in the country in general, we come across Continental Climate, Temperate Climate. Different climates appear in each geographical part of the country. For example:
The Mediterranean climate is observed in the Aegean Region in the west of the country and in the Mediterranean Region in the south of the country. Mediterranean climate; summers are hot and dry, winters are mild and rainy. The vegetation is scrub and suitable for citrus agriculture. Olive and pine nut agriculture is common.
Black Sea climate is observed in the Marmara region located in the north-west of the country and the black sea region in the north of the country. Black Sea climate; it is rainy in all seasons and there is no drought even in summer. It is the region where trees such as hazelnut, chestnut and beech are abundant.
The continental climate is dominant in the Central Anatolia region in the center of the country and in the Eastern Anatolia region in the east of the country. Summers are shorter and there is snowfall in winters. The general vegetation is steppe.
There is also a continental climate in the southeast Anatolian region located in the southeast of the country. However, due to the geographically fertile crescent covering the northern region, it has its own microclimate.